Talaq is an Arabic word that means Divorce, which means termination of marriage. Sharia permits divorce as the most hated action for married couples therefore its discouraged, and only applied as the last solution.
The Sharia Considers Marriage as life time commitment of strong family bond , union of families, sharing, family continuity through inheritance, and establishment of community bond and keep strong ties.
Must under go procedures of Talaq after Saying or writing the word Talaq by husband to his wife
Conditions of Valid Talaq
According to Sharia , Saying the word Talaq to a wife by husband is not a valid Talaq either said it in anger or not or in written or until its decided upon by Sharia principles of Justice that depends on evidence collected and decision is declared that serves as judgment and announced. Issuing 3 times Talaq only mandate the couple to start procedures of Separation either to terminate their marriage or to reconcile and save their marriage, decision depends on them.
Period of Reconciliation after Issuance of three Valid Talaqs.
According to Sharia, When 3 Valid Talaqs are issued, Husband and wife are ordered to separate for 4 months staying in different places if they are aggressive to each other, but if they are not aggressive to each other, they stay in the same house which is their home to decide upon the future of their marriage with in period of four months.
In this period they are not allowed to share the same bed, but they may share same room , and they are not allowed to become intimate, if they do so, its a confirmation of their reconciliation that Makes 3 Valid Talaqas issued before Null and void, and their marriage continue to be sacred worship of Allah Subhanahu Wataala.
But if the four months comes to an end and both or one of the married couple request for more time, they are given more other four Months to reconcile, and if they ask for more time ,they are given only one more last time four months period ( 1 year period) if that period ends without reconciliation, the Sharia court in charge of their affairs pronounce their marriage null and void ,and at this point the wife is Harram to the husband. The Sharia court mandate her to start her Iddat of three months.
During this period of reconciliation Allah Subhanahu Wataala Mandates both Husband and wife to go through hearing process that chaired by Authorities in the presence of mandatory attendants including husband and wife, family members of husband and wife, witnesses, and representative from Authorities of Islam in charge of their marriage affairs, and the main purpose of this hearing is to reconcile both husband and wife and their families to save their marriage.. No Divorce can take place without this mandatory step
Commencement of Iddat by the wife after period of reconciliation of 4 Months Minimum and 12 Months Maximum).
But if four months pass and the couple decide to end their marriage , the Sharia Court in charge of their affairs mandates the wife to start her Iddat of three months.
This is in accordance to Quran Surtul Nisa verses ( 4:34-35 )
الرِّجالُ قَوّامونَ عَلَى النِّساءِ بِما فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بَعضَهُم عَلىٰ بَعضٍ وَبِما أَنفَقوا مِن أَموالِهِم ۚ فَالصّالِحاتُ قانِتاتٌ حافِظاتٌ لِلغَيبِ بِما حَفِظَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَاللّاتي تَخافونَ نُشوزَهُنَّ فَعِظوهُنَّ وَاهجُروهُنَّ فِي المَضاجِعِ وَاضرِبوهُنَّ ۖ فَإِن أَطَعنَكُم فَلا تَبغوا عَلَيهِنَّ سَبيلًا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كانَ عَلِيًّا كَبيرًا
Men are the managers of women, because of the advantage Allah has granted some of them over others, and by virtue of their spending out of their wealth. So righteous women are obedient, care-taking in the absence [of their husbands] of what Allah has enjoined [them] to guard. As for those [wives] whose misconduct you fear, [first] advise them, and [if ineffective] keep away from them in the bed, and [as the last resort] beat them. Then if they obey you, do not seek any course [of action] against them. Indeed Allah is all-exalted, all-great. (4:34)
وَإِن خِفتُم شِقاقَ بَينِهِما فَابعَثوا حَكَمًا مِن أَهلِهِ وَحَكَمًا مِن أَهلِها إِن يُريدا إِصلاحًا يُوَفِّقِ اللَّهُ بَينَهُما ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كانَ عَليمًا خَبيرًا
And if you fear a split between the two of them, then appoint an arbiter from his relatives and an arbiter from her relatives. If they desire reconcilement, Allah shall reconcile them.1 Indeed Allah is all-knowing, all-aware. ( 4:35)
and Suratul Baqara verses: ( 2:225-232)
لا يُؤاخِذُكُمُ اللَّهُ بِاللَّغوِ في أَيمانِكُم وَلٰكِن يُؤاخِذُكُم بِما كَسَبَت قُلوبُكُم ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفورٌ حَليمٌ
Allah shall not take you to task for what is unconsidered in your oaths, but He shall take you to task for what your hearts have incurred, and Allah is all-forgiving, all-forbearing. (2:225)
لِلَّذينَ يُؤلونَ مِن نِسائِهِم تَرَبُّصُ أَربَعَةِ أَشهُرٍ ۖ فَإِن فاءوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفورٌ رَحيمٌ
For those who forswear their wives1 shall be a waiting for four months. And if they recant, Allah is indeed all-forgiving, all-merciful. (2:226)
وَإِن عَزَمُوا الطَّلاقَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ سَميعٌ عَليمٌ
But if they resolve on divorce, Allah is indeed all-hearing, all-knowing ( 2:227)
وَالمُطَلَّقاتُ يَتَرَبَّصنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلاثَةَ قُروءٍ ۚ وَلا يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَن يَكتُمنَ ما خَلَقَ اللَّهُ في أَرحامِهِنَّ إِن كُنَّ يُؤمِنَّ بِاللَّهِ وَاليَومِ الآخِرِ ۚ وَبُعولَتُهُنَّ أَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ في ذٰلِكَ إِن أَرادوا إِصلاحًا ۚ وَلَهُنَّ مِثلُ الَّذي عَلَيهِنَّ بِالمَعروفِ ۚ وَلِلرِّجالِ عَلَيهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزيزٌ حَكيمٌ
Divorced women shall wait by themselves for three periods of purity [after menses], and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day; and their husbands have a greater right to restore them during this [duration], if they desire reconcilement. The wives have rights similar to the obligations upon them, in accordance with honourable norms; and men have a degree above them, and Allah is all-mighty and all-wise. (2:228)
الطَّلاقُ مَرَّتانِ ۖ فَإِمساكٌ بِمَعروفٍ أَو تَسريحٌ بِإِحسانٍ ۗ وَلا يَحِلُّ لَكُم أَن تَأخُذوا مِمّا آتَيتُموهُنَّ شَيئًا إِلّا أَن يَخافا أَلّا يُقيما حُدودَ اللَّهِ ۖ فَإِن خِفتُم أَلّا يُقيما حُدودَ اللَّهِ فَلا جُناحَ عَلَيهِما فيمَا افتَدَت بِهِ ۗ تِلكَ حُدودُ اللَّهِ فَلا تَعتَدوها ۚ وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ حُدودَ اللَّهِ فَأُولٰئِكَ هُمُ الظّالِمونَ
[Revocable] divorce may be only twice; then [let there be] either an honourable retention, or a kindly release. And it is not lawful for you to take back anything from what you have given them,1 unless the couple fear that they may not maintain Allah’s bounds. So if you fear they would not maintain Allah’s bounds, there is no sin upon them2 in what she may give to secure her release. These are Allah’s bounds, so do not transgress them, and whoever transgresses the bounds of Allah —it is they who are the wrongdoers. (2:229)
فَإِن طَلَّقَها فَلا تَحِلُّ لَهُ مِن بَعدُ حَتّىٰ تَنكِحَ زَوجًا غَيرَهُ ۗ فَإِن طَلَّقَها فَلا جُناحَ عَلَيهِما أَن يَتَراجَعا إِن ظَنّا أَن يُقيما حُدودَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَتِلكَ حُدودُ اللَّهِ يُبَيِّنُها لِقَومٍ يَعلَمونَ
And if he divorces her, she will not be lawful for him until she marries a husband other than him, and if he divorces her,1 there is no sin upon them to remarry if they think that they can maintain Allah’s bounds. These are Allah’s bounds, which He clarifies for a people who have knowledge. (2:30)
وَإِذا طَلَّقتُمُ النِّساءَ فَبَلَغنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمسِكوهُنَّ بِمَعروفٍ أَو سَرِّحوهُنَّ بِمَعروفٍ ۚ وَلا تُمسِكوهُنَّ ضِرارًا لِتَعتَدوا ۚ وَمَن يَفعَل ذٰلِكَ فَقَد ظَلَمَ نَفسَهُ ۚ وَلا تَتَّخِذوا آياتِ اللَّهِ هُزُوًا ۚ وَاذكُروا نِعمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيكُم وَما أَنزَلَ عَلَيكُم مِنَ الكِتابِ وَالحِكمَةِ يَعِظُكُم بِهِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعلَموا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيءٍ عَليمٌ
When you divorce women and they complete their term, then either retain them honourably or release them honourably, and do not retain them maliciously in order that you may transgress; and whoever does that certainly wrongs himself. Do not take the signs of Allah in derision, and remember Allah’s blessing upon you, and what He has sent down to you of the Book and wisdom, to advise you therewith. Be wary of Allah, and know that Allah has knowledge of all things. (2:231)
وَإِذا طَلَّقتُمُ النِّساءَ فَبَلَغنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَلا تَعضُلوهُنَّ أَن يَنكِحنَ أَزواجَهُنَّ إِذا تَراضَوا بَينَهُم بِالمَعروفِ ۗ ذٰلِكَ يوعَظُ بِهِ مَن كانَ مِنكُم يُؤمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَاليَومِ الآخِرِ ۗ ذٰلِكُم أَزكىٰ لَكُم وَأَطهَرُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعلَمُ وَأَنتُم لا تَعلَمونَ
When you divorce women and they complete their term, do not thwart them lest they should [re]marry their husbands, when they honourably reach mutual consent. Herewith are advised those of you who believe in Allah and the Last Day. That will be more decent and purer for you, and Allah knows and you do not know. (2:232)
Curse of Allah is upon who ever ends marriages with 3 Talaqs being said or written without going the above mandatory Divorce procedures as Commanded by Allah Subhanahu Wataala, this sinof ignoring procedures of Talaq is commited intentionally and knowingly by some ignorant Moulanas in conjunction with some sick hearted men who have got no Iman in their hearts following satanic way of playing with Allah’s Subhanahu Wataalas command that clearly explains procedures of Valid Talqa. Wabillah Tawfique